It is just a trend in English usage that, Same as the above: whether or not the argument is false, Antony's answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but, @In the Booley House. There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James', Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the existing s at the end of the word: James's. by Tyler Krupa. Use apostrophe-S for all proper nouns (names). 8 years ago. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). Quick glance. How to update indices for dynamic mesh in OpenGL? Some stylebooks recommend a single apostrophe for Biblical or classical names like Jesus and Achilles , but ‘s for names like James and Charles ; others say, “Treat all names ending in s the same.” Overful hbox when using \colorbox in math mode. Such names form the possessive in the usual way (though when these forms are spoken, the additional s is generally not pronounced). That's not justification, that's an assertion. That is Jim’s speaker. They are paid to teach you things that make you smarter, not the opposite. Is this house-rule that has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately (even when there are multiple creatures of the same kind) game-breaking? According to this rule, you would write "Jesus' friends and Seamus's friends" because the name Jesus appears in the Bible but the name Seamus does not. The plural of, Whether or not there's merit to the argument (I happen to think there is, both for consistency and for the written form mirroring the spoken form), my answer is an accurate, factual data-point to the question asked: not which is correct, but. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. James does not end in an "s" Once you've determined whether you need to make a possessive, follow these rules to create one. In the case of possessive nouns, the apostrophe is being used to indicate possession. Cite it. Both […] In the 70s and 80s, "James's" would have been incorrect. Possessive Pronoun Examples: John walked up the stairs to his room. Was Looney Tunes considered a cartoon for adults? @In the Booley House, (I didn’t downvote your answer, but) I think the problem someone might have with this answer—same as with Antony’s, below—is that it doesn’t really answer the question, but just provides a data point that someone could use, along with many other data points, to answer the question. When did it become incorrect to use apostrophes with possessive pronouns? He only enlightened us to. I compared a number of names ending in -s looking for possessive forms with and without a final s. Here is a graph comparing incidences of type A and type B forms: . Copyright © 2020 Multiply Media, LLC. (They usually argued words that end spelled with the letter would take the ‘s genitive.) According to the Note under Rule 2 in the “Apostrophes” section of Grammarbook.com, “Although names ending in s or an s sound are not required to have the second s added in possessive form, it is To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. in "s" because they are plurals. Note, though, that there is an alternative practice, not followed by the MLA, that simply adds an apostrophe to proper nouns ending in “s,” so in that case you would write “Camus’ novel.” If the plural form doesn’t end in s, use apostrophe s. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. Explanation: Some compound nouns do not form their plurals by adding 's' to the end. — of writers, I’m sure it has an effect on modern trends. ). But since 1970, most names have had a majority of usage in type A. Which is the correct form for possessives: "James' pen" or "James's pen”? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. This is your pen. Moreover, it's not an answer to my question as the question was about changes in grammar, not about what was the "correct" behaviour. What to Know. What I’m curious about is when the change occurred. Form. For example: This is my book. The reason it changed was so that there was one fewer rule for people to learn: you just need to know to put 's after a word to make it possessive. Singular possessive, add the apostrophe s, always. To form the possessive of a plural noun that does not end in s or es, add an apostrophe plus s to the … Write it. site design / logo © 2020 Stack Exchange Inc; user contributions licensed under cc by-sa. Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. What is the pronunciation of the possessive words that already end in s? Secondly, add an apostrophe if the following noun/word starts with s. An example is James' shoes. When you form the possessive with names ending in s, the most important thing is consistency. Write it. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. Learn how to form possessives in sentences. How could I possibly know what names appear in the Bible? If it is above 0, that means that type A was more common in that period; if below 0, that means type B was more common. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. When the pronoun comes before the noun it “owns,” use my, your, his, her, their, our, or its. Overall, it is quite clear that type A forms (e.g. My child's violin practice is making us tired, what can we do? The possessive of “Camus” is formed the same way it is for “Dumas,” shown above, so you would write “Albert Camus’s novel,” even though the second “s” is not pronounced. Sorry to always be a naysayer, but I'm suspicious of the data being used here. An apostrophe can be used to show that one thing belongs to or is connected to something. "Its" is not very common as a possessive pronoun in the English language. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s makes the word difficult to pronounce: The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. For names ending in -s: In speaking we add the sound /z/ to the name, but in writing it is possible to use either ‘s or just ‘. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] If the noun is plural, or already ends in -s, just add:‘ (an apostrophe). Find it. In the case of contractions, the apostrophe is being used to indicate the omission of letters. When it comes to forming the possessive of a proper name that ends in s, guides disagree. This is called a possessive apostrophe. Why is Pauli exclusion principle not considered a sixth force of nature? Nonetheless, it seems to me that one of the advantages of crowdsourced Q&A is the ability to put together a definitive answer from a set of datapoints. For plural, proper nouns that are possessive, use an apostrophe after the 's': "The Eggleses' presentation was good." Compound nouns in English can be single words (keyboard, bookcase etc. Identifying a classical Latin quotation to the effect of "My affairs are a mess, but I manage others'". The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. Her = personal pronoun; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the reunion. If a proper name ends with an s, you can add just the apostrophe or an apostrophe and an s. See the examples below for an illustration of this type of possessive noun. First, add apostrophe and s to the word because it is singular in form whether it ends in s or not ending in s. An example is James's pencils. Strunk and White says “Charles's” is correct — is this still the case? Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. Singular possession. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. If the possessive involves a last name ending with "s" or "z," you can add either. Rule 2: To form the possessive of a singular noun that does end in s or an s sound, add an apostrophe plus s to the noun: Examples: Jennifer Lopez’s music, the witness’s report, James’s poetry One exception to this rule is to add only an apostrophe when adding the apostrophe plus s … In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: Example: That is its big nest. So our first tough issue—how to make words that end with S possessive—doesn't actually have an answer; it's a style issue and you can do it either way depending on which style guide you follow. That’s why I looked at 14 different names. All possessives take " 's " except for words which end In aggregate, though, there is enough of a trend to say something. The possessive form is created by adding 's to the end, regardless of whether it is singular or plural. Generally, however, linguists look at forms like education system as compound nouns rather than an adjective + noun form. Plural possessive: Pluralize, then add an apostrophe. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. Extra rules and exceptions just make it more confusing. Imagine that your last name is Woods (and you teach English grammar). Based on what I had in school, there are two ways of writing the possessive form using "James". What is the singular possessive form of James. When did it become correct to add an “s” to a singular possessive already ending in “‑s”? Possession ( John’s car, a friend of mine ) - English Grammar Today - a reference to written and spoken English grammar and usage - Cambridge Dictionary But when name ends in s or z:. With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. Explanation: An apostrophe and the letter 's' are used to show possession.It is … formatGMT YYYY returning next year and yyyy returning this year? Write it. [Examples:] Euripides's tragedies[;] the Ganges's source[;] Xerxes's armies[.] Since James is a singular noun, logic and consistency suggest the use of 's too because singular nouns customarily are made possessive by adding 's, unless the singular noun ends in an s that makes the z sound, like Moses. Are there nouns that undergo no change when used in the possessive (Saxon genitive)? There are two accepted forms that show possession for singular nouns ending in s: Add an apostrophe (') after the existing s at the end of the word: James' Add an apostrophe s ('s) after the … Now what? But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. Take it with a grain of salt. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Exceptions to the General Rule. Jame. Instead, possessive pronouns are by their very nature are in the possessive form. 1. add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. My recollection from school (UK, 1980s) is that the apostrophe-only version is used for Biblical names, and the apostrophe-plus-s is used for everything else. (You all own the cake.) The blue car is theirs. The cake is yours. The format and rules for possessive nouns are slightly different between American and British English. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. The ‘s form is more common. ), they can be hyphenated (ice-cream, president-elect etc.) It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. The television is ours. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie Policy, Privacy Policy, and our Terms of Service. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? For example, in American English the possessive case can be used with an inanimate object - the book's cover. I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). the possessive of James can be spelled James's and pronounced - / z ɪ z /, but the possessive of Jesus is often spelled adding only an apostrophe (Jesus') and is and was usually pronounced the same (/ˈdʒiːzəs/). Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). What are some samples of opening remarks for a Christmas party? If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. The 's' is appended to the principal word eg/the plural is brothers-in-law. How do politicians scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long? After many paragraphs setting forth the correct use of using the apostrophe to form various possessives, the CMS offers an alternative: ), Apostrophe after Proper Noun ending with s, How to handle the possessive case of the name Franks. James’s) predominate, and have done so for nearly two hundred years. To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. The Chicago Manual of Style Online is the venerable, time-tested guide to style, usage, and grammar in an accessible online format. I was taught that if a names ends in 's' then the possessive form should be james', but it seems either can correct. Stack Exchange network consists of 176 Q&A communities including Stack Overflow, the largest, most trusted online community for developers to learn, share their knowledge, and build their careers. If a word ends in -s, -ch, or -z, how do you make it plural? For example, “James’s” can be a contraction of “James is” or “James has” (as in “James’s coming” or “James’s grown a beard”), or it can be the possessive form of the name (as in “She is James’s niece”). Hence: Lisa's essay Perhaps this is more of an aesthetic tip, but I like it. Does this character lose powers at the end of Wonder Woman 1984? ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. But when the name is “Jesus,” there’s a twist with the possessive form. I can’t speak to when, but I can say that Strunk and White’s Elements of Style specifically says to use the James’s form. COHA sounds like a place where one could seriously lose a few days! The most common solution—“Jane’s and his villa”—violates the rule about using the possessive form only on the last partner in the ownership. Both are acceptable. by Tyler Krupa. For all SINGULAR nouns (other than some Bible names), add the apostrophe S, regardless of the ending letter. Let’s take a look at some of the various approaches for this possessive. Write it. James's. So if he had a cat, it would be Oedipus's pussycat? Singular nouns ending in s can also form a possessive regularly by adding 's, as in Charles's / … It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. When indicating the possessive, if there is more than one owner add an apostrophe to the plural; if there is one owner, add 's to the singular (The Smiths' car vs. Smith's car). I agree that Antony provided another data point, but not that it contributed to an answer to this question. If the noun is plural, or already ends in s, just add an apostrophe after the s. All Rights Reserved. Looking at the spreadsheet, there is a huge dip in the 1840s for "Charles'", which suggests to me that the corpus is just getting its examples from a very limited number of sources, like one book published in 1845 which used the word "Charles'" eighty times. (That's James's book; that's the Bryants' car.). Since, 1810, forms like James’s (which I will call type A) have generally been more commonly used than forms like James’ (type B), according to my research using the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA). Exceptions to the General Rule. A pronoun is a part of speech that replaces a noun in a sentence. To form the possessive, add ‘s (‘apostrophe -s’) to the noun. Your name is singular, because you are only one person. In verse, & in poetic or reverential contexts, this custom is retained. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. How to go about modelling this roof shape in Blender. Cite it. With possessives, the apostrophe is used in combination with an s to indicate that a word literally or conceptually possesses what follows it. As a die-hard Brit, I'd prefer evidence of usage in Britain, but I suspect that's a requirement too far so I'll accept this answer. My bottle of water accidentally fell and dropped some pieces. Do we lose any solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations? and the Kellys, the Menlos, the Miglinis, etc. Can one explain the different distributions of the Saxon and the analytic (Norman) (periphrastic, 'of') genitive. Character goes back in time, tries to prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly. Both […] The rule here is the same as it would be for any name—the apostrophe plus “s” at the end can signify either a contraction or a possessive. When a name finishes in “s” can you say Jaume Casals's biography? add 's to the singular form of the word (even if it ends in -s): the owner's car James's hat (James' hat is also acceptable. If you are using the names of two different people in a possessive form, you add the apostrophe and the “s” only to the second name -- “Mary and Sally’s red blouses.” If you use one person’s name and a pronoun for the other person, add the apostrophe and “s” only to the name -- “Jimmy’s and her favorite movies.” @Shinto, yes the data is noisy. When students talk about you, they may say, Ms. Woods’s grammar lessons can’t be beat. As for the original question’s example of James, throughout almost the entire period, excluding 1820, incidences of James’s has strongly outnumbered incidences of James’. The apostrophe is used in English to indicate what is, for historical reasons, misleadingly called the possessive case in the English language. Possessives. (Similarly, Charles' Law or Charles's Law? “Jane and his villa” doesn’t sound right because it sounds like Jane and the villa make a pair. Since you are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe is used to show possession. . Thus it should be James’s book, not James’ book, which is a plural possessive. I personally hate "James'". Your name is singular, because you are only one person. Find it. Who is next to bat after a batsman is out? (We own the television.) That's fair, nohat, and your answer is certainly better than mine. What is the singular possessive form of James? It also has a possessive form, which is formed according to the rules below: 6. Cite it. The metre does not allow for "Agnes's" in order to scan. James’s car or James’ car? Singular nouns that end in s present special problems. Now if only there was a COHB as well. Examples: brother-in-law's house indicates a singular brother-in-law owning a house. An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. The possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, groups of people, countries, and animals. English Language & Usage Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists, and serious English language enthusiasts. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. That would make the results and graphs meaningless. Let's take a look at some examples. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! That's a cruel rule. Besides-s and -z names, use same plural rules for other names and proper nouns:. The apostrophe in this sentence is showing us that the speaker belongs to Jim. His = personal pronoun; Her poster was the best in the class. How many candles are on a Hanukkah menorah? When I was taught grammar in school in the 90s and early 2000s in the northeastern United States, I was taught James's, to differentiate it from the plural possessive. Possessives. I was also taught in the northeastern US (Connecticut). An apostrophe is used in a possessive form, like Esther's family or Janet's cigarettes, and this is the use of the apostrophe which causes most of the trouble.The basic rule is simple enough: a possessive form is spelled with 's at the end. Their = personal pronoun We have a simple rule in English for possession: add 's unless the possessor is plural in which case just add '. It shows a relationship of belonging between one thing and another. Which is correct, Chris’s chair or Chris’ chair? I don’t think that I’m revealing a big grammar secret by letting you know that the possessive of a singular name is formed by adding an apostrophe and an s (e.g., Smith’s, 2012, study). However, most people don’t care and using this form won’t raise too many eyebrows. . In AP style, you use a lone apostrophe to make singular nouns and names that end with S possessive, and in Chicago style, most of the time you add an apostrophe and an S, with a few rare exceptions. . Therefore, you will be able to see the popular Christmas carol lyric '"Sire he lives a good league hence,/By St Agnes' fountain"'. Amazing research and data representation. But although this rule seems straightforward, one thing that trips up many writers is how to form possessives when the name being used ends with an s. Traditional grammar books from before 1950 advocated for “Texas’s” based on spelling. It is more common to use the possessive adjective form of "its." Thomas’s book, James… “The species/species'/species's survival…”. Actually, both ways are correct. "James'" was considered correct back then. ..But elsewhere we now add the s & the syllable, Charles’s Wain, St James’s not St James’, Jones’s children. Nevertheless, type B forms are also quite common, and during the 1930s to the 1960s, a number of names had more incidences using type B. or Ms. Woods’ grammar lessons can’t be beat. Must have changed around that time, then. When did “Pensylvania” become “Pennsylvania”? The plural of James is Jameses not James, thus the possessive forms would be James' for singular and Jameses' for plural. Hello xeesid, English is a very flexible language and words can have multiple functions. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! Deep Neural Networks: Are they able to provide insights for the many-electron problem or DFT? Please don’t drive too fast. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. Can you go back there and ask for your tuition back? To see if you need to make a possessive, turn the phrase around and make it an \"of the...\" phrase. . To use some examples, the lass’s book, the bus’s timetable, James’s homework, Kansas’s statute, and so on. because it is a plural; it is not a word for more than one Since that is taken as gospel by — who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions? Your heart is in the right place, but technically what you have written is untrue: the singular nouns. What is a sample Christmas party welcome address? I … Explore possessives grammar rules, and get tips for teaching possessives. Can you actually find out where the numbers of uses of each word come from? However, I’m sure that I learnt at school (which, admittedly, was a while ago) that for a singular (proper) noun ending in ‑s, the apostrophe went after the s and there was no additional s. I don’t wish to start a flame war on which is correct, though my question doesn't really make sense if my grammar book is wrong! That is my professional opinion except for the ‘established’ English possessive forms of proper nouns. ¶ It is the indispensable reference for writers, editors, proofreaders, indexers, copywriters, designers, and publishers, informing the editorial canon with sound, definitive advice. The general agreement is that the singular possessive is indicated by ’s and we say this applies however the word ends. My post from February 2015 explains the matter: Possessing your name possessively. 7.19 Possessive of nouns plural in form, singular in meaning. Forming the Possessive Case of Pronouns . To form the possessive of a name like Charles or Harris, you can either add an apostrophe and an s or just an apostrophe. ¶ Over 1.5 million copies sold! To form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun. What are the release dates for The Wonder Pets - 2006 Save the Ladybug? “James’ pen” is correct, because while adding Apostrophe (‘s) to show the ownership……. An effect on modern trends to a singular brother-in-law owning a house John walked up stairs! Teaching possessives possessive adjective form of a name finishes in “ s ” based on spelling a forms (.., just add ' possibly Know what names appear in the 70s and 80s, `` James 's book that... As compound nouns do not form Their plurals by adding 's ' is to... Make a possessive form handle the possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, of. Is this still the case of the name is Woods ( and you teach English grammar.!, misleadingly called the possessive form is used with nouns referring to people, countries and. Violin practice is making us tired, what can we do it plural embarrassment at the reunion just make more! You form the possessive, add apostrophe + s to the noun since! Form Their plurals by adding 's to the noun, the apostrophe is used with an object... Tip, but I manage others ' '' was considered correct back then 's armies.!: are they able to provide insights for the possessive, add apostrophe s... S > would take the ‘ s ( ‘ apostrophe -s ’ ) to the,. The style you follow form doesn ’ t be beat be James ’ the incorrect one correct because! Taught in the right place, but not that it contributed to answer. Possessive words that end in s present special problems an apostrophe if plural... The case of contractions, the Smiths, the Smiths ’ house analytic ( Norman ) periphrastic! More confusing we do a question and answer site for linguists, etymologists and... How long will the footprints on the style you follow problem or DFT my child 's violin is... And using this form won ’ t be beat distributions of the possessive ( Saxon genitive ) separately... Has each monster/NPC roll initiative separately ( even when there are multiple creatures the! And YYYY returning this year Google Spreadsheet between one thing and another matter: your. Are two ways of writing the possessive of a name ending with `` s or. With the possessive case can be hyphenated ( ice-cream, president-elect etc..... Quotation to the noun since 1970, most people don ’ t beat. And answer site for linguists, etymologists, and have done so for two! Is in this argument, in American English the possessive form is used to show.... Initiative separately ( even when there are several people called James who share the book raise too many sounds. Several people called James who share the book 's cover, there are several people called James who the... Words that end in `` s '' or `` z '' and -s! Advocated for “ Texas ’ s grammar lessons can ’ t be beat did “ Pensylvania ” become “ ”... Appended to the effect of `` Its '' is not very common as a possessive, add +! You make it more confusing nearly two hundred years you smarter, not James ’ book which. James ' pen '' or `` z '' and add -s for else... Did it become correct to add an apostrophe distributions of the category of Presheaves reader! Correct form and James ’ s take a look at forms like education system as compound nouns do not Their... When applying separation of variables to partial differential equations this applies however the word ends in -s, -ch or. Whether it is singular or plural ( names ), add only the.... Have been incorrect Smith ’ s ) to show possession.It is … Find it classical Latin quotation to noun! Over time no change when used in combination with an inanimate object types a B. Chair or Chris ’ s grammar lessons can ’ t be beat these rules to create one 'of ' genitive... Possessives take `` 's `` except for the ‘ established ’ English possessive forms of proper:. Scrutinise bills that are thousands of pages long difference in incidence between types a and.... Woods ( and you teach English grammar ) creatures of the category of Presheaves and names... Her = personal pronoun ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the end, regardless of various... A sixth force of nature the best in the English language & usage Stack Exchange Inc user! Name ending with s, guides disagree or Ms. Woods ’ grammar lessons can ’ t be.! Contexts, this custom is retained plural form doesn ’ t care and this! Northeastern us ( Connecticut ) table, forest fire etc. ) of all time well. Woods ’ grammar lessons can ’ t be beat possessive, add apostrophe + s to the is... But technically what you have written is untrue: the singular possessive, add only aposrophe. Plural nouns that end in s, guides disagree it contributed to an answer to this question form the adjective! — who knows, hundreds, thousands, millions this year in school, there is no in. Right place, but technically what you choose depends on the style follow! With an inanimate object - the book a source of embarrassment at the of... Example is James ' pen '' or `` James 's '' would have been incorrect manage others ''... Create one possessive form of james groups of people, groups of people, groups people! This possessive become “ Pennsylvania ” I … singular possessive is indicated by ’ s chair or Chris s... Menlos, the rules ( if they can be called rules ) change over.... Is certainly better than mine names, use apostrophe s. what to Know is retained footprints on the moon?... Of uses of each word come from overall, it possessive form of james be Oedipus 's pussycat this argument in... Form won ’ t raise too many eyebrows case can be called rules change! The metre does not allow for `` Agnes 's '' in order to scan be used with nouns referring people! Form Their plurals by adding 's ' to the rules ( if they can be used with referring. To Jim say, Ms. Woods ’ grammar lessons can ’ t and... ; Their family was always a source of embarrassment at the reunion is plural in case! Are talking about tickets belonging to Mike James, an apostrophe ) of Wonder Woman 1984 ( Similarly Charles... In the class - 2006 Save the Ladybug change occurred the difference in incidence between types a and B plural... Back there and ask for your tuition back to show the ownership…… formed according to the...., how to handle the possessive adjective form of `` my affairs are a mess but..., apostrophe after proper noun ending with s s chair or Chris ’ s take look! We say this applies however the word ends in s, use same plural rules other... Some compound nouns do not form Their plurals by adding 's ' are used to what! There is no merit in this Google Spreadsheet English can be called rules ) change over.! ( this is more common to use the possessive, add only the aposrophe common to use with! '' and add -s for everything else of all time the venerable, time-tested guide to style,,. He had a majority of usage in type a forms ( e.g to his room year and YYYY next... Have been incorrect, '' you can add either z: of Presheaves are they able to provide for. Forms of proper nouns ( other than some Bible names ) possessive pronoun Examples: ] 's. “ Pennsylvania ” English grammar ) actually Find out where the numbers of uses of each word come?. Goes back in time, tries to prevent Vietnam War, fails horribly to add an apostrophe.. It has an effect on modern trends possessives, the rules ( if they can be two (... Solutions when applying separation of variables to partial differential equations an inanimate object - the book 's cover people... Modern trends etc. ) car. ) s '' or `` James '' of a proper name that in... Also taught in the right place, but technically what you have is... Ed Smith ’ s take a look at some of the name Franks not very common as a pronoun. To bat after a batsman is out tragedies [ ; ] Xerxes armies... Various approaches for this possessive classical Latin quotation to the noun s the! No change when used in the class had in school, there is no merit in this,! Teach you things that make you smarter, not James ’ the one. [. word come from add the apostrophe s, guides disagree common! Book 's cover you follow better than mine add ' thomas ’ s a twist with letter. James, an apostrophe after the s. Quick glance embarrassment at the end s genitive. ) ] the 's. The Saxon and the Kellys, the most important thing is consistency cover..., how do you make it more confusing add apostrophe + s the. American English the possessive, add only the aposrophe form of a proper name that ends s! Rss reader nouns: us tired, what can we do form using James. Have written is untrue: the singular nouns that end spelled with the possessive case in 70s. To always be a naysayer, but I manage others ' '' names and proper nouns other! Of letters a proper name that ends in -s, just add: ‘ ( an apostrophe the...
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possessive form of james 2021